/ player

A React component for playing a variety of URLs

A React component for playing a variety of URLs

ReactPlayer

A React component for playing a variety of URLs, including file paths, YouTube, Facebook, Twitch, SoundCloud, Streamable, Vimeo, Wistia, Mixcloud, and DailyMotion.

Migrating to 1.0.0

All existing implementations of ReactPlayer should still work without any changes after migrating. The major changes are to how the component works internally. Keep an eye out for bugs and raise an issue if one doesn’t already exist.

Usage

npm install react-player --save
# or
yarn add react-player
import React, { Component } from 'react'
import ReactPlayer from 'react-player'

class App extends Component {
  render () {
    return <ReactPlayer url='https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysz5S6PUM-U' playing />
  }
}

For platforms like Meteor without direct use of npm modules, a minified version of ReactPlayer is located in dist after installing. To generate this file yourself, checkout the repo and run npm run build:dist.

Polyfills

Props

Prop Description Default
url The url of a video or song to play
playing Set to true or false to pause or play the media false
loop Set to true or false to loop the media false
controls Set to true or false to display native player controls
  ◦  Vimeo, Twitch and Wistia player will always display controls
false
volume Set the volume of the player, between 0 and 1
  ◦  null uses default volume on all players #357
null
muted Mutes the player
  ◦  Only works if volume is set
false
playbackRate Set the playback rate of the player
  ◦  Only supported by YouTube, Wistia, and file paths
1
width Set the width of the player 640px
height Set the height of the player 360px
style Add inline styles to the root element {}
progressInterval The time between onProgress callbacks, in milliseconds 1000
playsinline Applies the playsinline attribute where supported false
wrapper Element or component to use as the container element div
config Override options for the various players, see config prop

Callback props

Callback props take a function that gets fired on various player events:

Prop Description
onReady Called when media is loaded and ready to play. If playing is set to true, media will play immediately
onStart Called when media starts playing
onPlay Called when media starts or resumes playing after pausing or buffering
onProgress Callback containing played and loaded progress as a fraction, and playedSeconds and loadedSeconds in seconds
  ◦  eg { played: 0.12, playedSeconds: 11.3, loaded: 0.34, loadedSeconds: 16.7 }
onDuration Callback containing duration of the media, in seconds
onPause Called when media is paused
onBuffer Called when media starts buffering
onSeek Called when media seeks with seconds parameter
onEnded Called when media finishes playing
onError Called when an error occurs whilst attempting to play media

Config prop

As of version 0.24, there is a single config prop to override the settings for the various players. If you are migrating from an earlier version, you must move all the old config props inside config:

<ReactPlayer
  url={url}
  config={{
    youtube: {
      playerVars: { showinfo: 1 }
    },
    facebook: {
      appId: '12345'
    }
  }}
/>

The old style config props still work but will produce a console warning:

<ReactPlayer
  url={url}
  youtubeConfig={{ playerVars: { showinfo: 1 } }}
  facebookConfig={{ appId: '12345' }}
/>

Settings for each player live under different keys:

Key Options
youtube playerVars: Override the default player vars
preload: Used for preloading
facebook appId: Your own Facebook app ID
soundcloud options: Override the default player options
preload: Used for preloading
vimeo playerOptions: Override the default params
preload: Used for preloading
wistia options: Override the default player options
mixcloud options: Override the default player options
dailymotion params: Override the default player vars
preload: Used for preloading
twitch options: Override the default player options
file attributes: Apply element attributes
forceAudio: Always render an <audio> element
forceHLS: Use hls.js for HLS streams
forceDASH: Always use dash.js for DASH streams
hlsOptions: Override the default hls.js options
Preloading

When preload is set to true for players that support it, a short, silent video is played in the background when ReactPlayer first mounts. This fixes a bug where videos would not play when loaded in a background browser tab.

Methods

Static Methods

Method Description
ReactPlayer.canPlay(url) Determine if a URL can be played. This does not detect media that is unplayable due to privacy settings, streaming permissions, etc. In that case, the onError prop will be invoked after attemping to play. Any URL that does not match any patterns will fall back to a native HTML5 media player.

Instance Methods

Use ref to call instance methods on the player. See the demo app for an example of this.

Method Description
seekTo(amount) Seek to the given number of seconds, or fraction if amount is between 0 and 1
getCurrentTime() Returns the number of seconds that has been played
  ◦  Returns null if duration is unavailable
getDuration() Returns the duration (in seconds) of the currently playing media
  ◦  Returns null if duration is unavailable
getInternalPlayer() Returns the internal player of whatever is currently playing
  ◦  eg the YouTube player instance, or the <video> element when playing a video file
  ◦  Use getInternalPlayer('hls') to get the hls.js player
  ◦  Use getInternalPlayer('dash') to get the dash.js player
  ◦  Returns null if the internal player is unavailable

Advanced Usage

Responsive player

Set width and height to 100% and wrap the player in a fixed aspect ratio box to get a responsive player:

class ResponsivePlayer extends Component {
  render () {
    return (
      <div className='player-wrapper'>
        <ReactPlayer
          className='react-player'
          url='https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ysz5S6PUM-U'
          width='100%'
          height='100%'
        />
      </div>
    )
  }
}
.player-wrapper {
  position: relative;
  padding-top: 56.25% /* Player ratio: 100 / (1280 / 720) */
}

.react-player {
  position: absolute;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
}

See jsFiddle example

Single player imports

If you are only ever playing a single type of URL, you can import individual players to keep your bundle size down:

import YouTubePlayer from 'react-player/lib/players/YouTube'

<YouTubePlayer
  url='https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d46Azg3Pm4c'
  playing
  controls
  // Other ReactPlayer props will work here
/>

See a list of available players here.

Standalone player

If you aren’t using React, you can still render a player using the standalone library:

<script src='https://cdn.rawgit.com/CookPete/react-player/standalone/dist/ReactPlayer.standalone.js'></script>
<script>
  const container = document.getElementById('container')
  const url = 'https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d46Azg3Pm4c'

  renderReactPlayer(container, { url, playing: true })

  function pausePlayer () {
    renderReactPlayer(container, { url, playing: false })
  }
</script>

See jsFiddle example

Using Bower

bower install react-player --save
<script src='bower_components/react/react.js'></script>
<script src='bower_components/react/react-dom.js'></script>
<script src='bower_components/react-player/dist/ReactPlayer.js'></script>
<script>
  ReactDOM.render(
    <ReactPlayer url='https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d46Azg3Pm4c' playing />,
    document.getElementById('container')
  )
</script>

Mobile considerations

Due to various restrictions, ReactPlayer is not guaranteed to function properly on mobile devices. The YouTube player documentation, for example, explains that certain mobile browsers require user interaction before playing:

The HTML5 <video> element, in certain mobile browsers (such as Chrome and Safari), only allows playback to take place if it’s initiated by a user interaction (such as tapping on the player).

Multiple Sources and Tracks

When playing file paths, an array of sources can be passed to the url prop to render multiple <source> tags.

<ReactPlayer playing url={['foo.webm', 'foo.ogg']} />

You can also specify a type for each source by using objects with src and type properties.

<ReactPlayer
  playing
  url={[
    {src: 'foo.webm', type: 'video/webm'},
    {src: 'foo.ogg', type: 'video/ogg'}
  ]}
/>

<track> elements for subtitles can be added using fileConfig:

<ReactPlayer
  playing
  url='foo.webm'
  config={{ file: {
    tracks: [
      {kind: 'subtitles', src: 'subs/subtitles.en.vtt', srcLang: 'en', default: true},
      {kind: 'subtitles', src: 'subs/subtitles.ja.vtt', srcLang: 'ja'},
      {kind: 'subtitles', src: 'subs/subtitles.de.vtt', srcLang: 'de'}
    ]
  }}}
/>

GitHub