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A React utility belt for function components and higher-order components

A React utility belt for function components and higher-order components

Recompose

Recompose is a React utility belt for function components and higher-order components. Think of it like lodash for React.

npm install recompose --save

📺 Watch Andrew's talk on Recompose at React Europe.
(Note: Performance optimizations he speaks about have been removed, more info here)

Related modules

recompose-relay — Recompose helpers for Relay

You can use Recompose to...

...lift state into functional wrappers

Helpers like withState() and withReducer() provide a nicer way to express state updates:

const enhance = withState('counter', 'setCounter', 0)
const Counter = enhance(({ counter, setCounter }) =>
  <div>
    Count: {counter}
    <button onClick={() => setCounter(n => n + 1)}>Increment</button>
    <button onClick={() => setCounter(n => n - 1)}>Decrement</button>
  </div>
)

Or with a Redux-style reducer:

const counterReducer = (count, action) => {
  switch (action.type) {
  case INCREMENT:
    return count + 1
  case DECREMENT:
    return count - 1
  default:
    return count
  }
}

const enhance = withReducer('counter', 'dispatch', counterReducer, 0)
const Counter = enhance(({ counter, dispatch }) =>
  <div>
    Count: {counter}
    <button onClick={() => dispatch({ type: INCREMENT })}>Increment</button>
    <button onClick={() => dispatch({ type: DECREMENT })}>Decrement</button>
  </div>
)

...perform the most common React patterns

Helpers like componentFromProp() and withContext() encapsulate common React patterns into a simple functional interface:

const enhance = defaultProps({ component: 'button' })
const Button = enhance(componentFromProp('component'))

<Button /> // renders <button>
<Button component={Link} /> // renders <Link />
const provide = store => withContext(
  { store: PropTypes.object },
  () => ({ store })
)

// Apply to base component
// Descendants of App have access to context.store
const AppWithContext = provide(store)(App)

...optimize rendering performance

No need to write a new class just to implement shouldComponentUpdate(). Recompose helpers like pure() and onlyUpdateForKeys() do this for you:

// A component that is expensive to render
const ExpensiveComponent = ({ propA, propB }) => {...}

// Optimized version of same component, using shallow comparison of props
// Same effect as extending React.PureComponent
const OptimizedComponent = pure(ExpensiveComponent)

// Even more optimized: only updates if specific prop keys have changed
const HyperOptimizedComponent = onlyUpdateForKeys(['propA', 'propB'])(ExpensiveComponent)

...interoperate with other libraries

Recompose helpers integrate really nicely with external libraries like Relay, Redux, and RxJS

const enhance = compose(
  // This is a Recompose-friendly version of Relay.createContainer(), provided by recompose-relay
  createContainer({
    fragments: {
      post: () => Relay.QL`
        fragment on Post {
          title,
          content
        }
      `
    }
  }),
  flattenProp('post')
)

const Post = enhance(({ title, content }) =>
  <article>
    <h1>{title}</h1>
    <div>{content}</div>
  </article>
)

...build your own libraries

Many React libraries end up implementing the same utilities over and over again, like shallowEqual() and getDisplayName(). Recompose provides these utilities for you.

// Any Recompose module can be imported individually
import getDisplayName from 'recompose/getDisplayName'
ConnectedComponent.displayName = `connect(${getDisplayName(BaseComponent)})`

// Or, even better:
import wrapDisplayName from 'recompose/wrapDisplayName'
ConnectedComponent.displayName = wrapDisplayName(BaseComponent, 'connect')

import toClass from 'recompose/toClass'
// Converts a function component to a class component, e.g. so it can be given
// a ref. Returns class components as is.
const ClassComponent = toClass(FunctionComponent)

...and more

Translation

Traditional Chinese

Why

Forget ES6 classes vs. createClass().

An idiomatic React application consists mostly of function components.

const Greeting = props =>
  <p>
    Hello, {props.name}!
  </p>

Function components have several key advantages:

  • They help prevent abuse of the setState() API, favoring props instead.
  • They encourage the "smart" vs. "dumb" component pattern.
  • They encourage code that is more reusable and modular.
  • They discourage giant, complicated components that do too many things.
  • In the future, they will allow React to make performance optimizations by avoiding unnecessary checks and memory allocations.

(Note that although Recompose encourages the use of function components whenever possible, it works with normal React components as well.)

Higher-order components made easy

Most of the time when we talk about composition in React, we're talking about composition of components. For example, a <Blog> component may be composed of many <Post> components, which are composed of many <Comment> components.

Recompose focuses on another unit of composition: higher-order components (HoCs). HoCs are functions that accept a base component and return a new component with additional functionality. They can be used to abstract common tasks into reusable pieces.

Recompose provides a toolkit of helper functions for creating higher-order components.

Should I use this? Performance and other concerns

Usage

All functions are available on the top-level export.

import { compose, mapProps, withState /* ... */ } from 'recompose'

Note: react is a peer dependency of Recompose. If you're using preact, add this to your webpack.config.js:

resolve: {
  alias: {
    react: "preact"
  }
}

Composition

Recompose helpers are designed to be composable:

const BaseComponent = props => {...}

// This will work, but it's tedious
let EnhancedComponent = pure(BaseComponent)
EnhancedComponent = mapProps(/*...args*/)(EnhancedComponent)
EnhancedComponent = withState(/*...args*/)(EnhancedComponent)

// Do this instead
// Note that the order has reversed — props flow from top to bottom
const enhance = compose(
  withState(/*...args*/),
  mapProps(/*...args*/),
  pure
)
const EnhancedComponent = enhance(BaseComponent)

Technically, this also means you can use them as decorators (if that's your thing):

@withState(/*...args*/)
@mapProps(/*...args*/)
@pure
class Component extends React.Component {...}

Optimizing bundle size

Since 0.23.1 version recompose got support of ES2015 modules.
To reduce size all you need is to use bundler with tree shaking support
like webpack 2 or Rollup.

Using babel-plugin-lodash

babel-plugin-lodash is not only limited to lodash. It can be used with recompose as well.

This can be done by updating lodash config in .babelrc.

 {
-  "plugins": ["lodash"]
+  "plugins": [
+    ["lodash", { "id": ["lodash", "recompose"] }]
+  ]
 }

After that, you can do imports like below without actually including the entire library content.

import { compose, mapProps, withState } from 'recompose'

Debugging

It might be hard to trace how does props change between HOCs. A useful tip is you can create a debug HOC to print out the props it gets without modifying the base component. For example:

make

const debug = withProps(console.log)

then use it between HOCs

const enhance = compose(
  withState(/*...args*/),
  debug, // print out the props here
  mapProps(/*...args*/),
  pure
)

GitHub