/ Highlighting

Simple no-frills code editor with syntax highlighting

Simple no-frills code editor with syntax highlighting

react-simple-code-editor

Simple no-frills code editor with syntax highlighting.

react-simple-code-editor-1

Why

Several browser based code editors such as Ace, CodeMirror, Monaco etc. provide the ability to embed a full-featured code editor in your web page. However, if you just need a simple editor with syntax highlighting without any of the extra features, they can be overkill as they don't usually have a small bundle size footprint. This library aims to provide a simple code editor with syntax highlighting support without any of the extra features, perfect for simple embeds and forms where users can submit code.

Features

  • Modular syntax highlighting with third party library
  • Indent line or selected text by pressing tab key, with customizable indentation
  • Automatic indent on new lines
  • Undo whole words instead of letter by letter
  • Accessible, use Ctrl+Shift+M (Mac) / Ctrl+M to toggle capturing tab key

Installation

npm install react-simple-code-editor

or

yarn add react-simple-code-editor

Usage

You need to use the editor with a third party library which provides syntax highlighting. For example, it'll look like following with prismjs:

import React from 'react';
import Editor from 'react-simple-code-editor';
import { highlight, languages } from 'prismjs/components/prism-core';
import 'prismjs/components/prism-clike';
import 'prismjs/components/prism-javascript';

const code = `function add(a, b) {
  return a + b;
}
`;

class App extends React.Component {
  state = { code };

  render() {
    return (
      <Editor
        value={this.state.code}
        onValueChange={code => this.setState({ code })}
        highlight={code => highlight(code, languages.js)}
        padding={10}
        style={{
          fontFamily: '"Fira code", "Fira Mono", monospace',
          fontSize: 12,
        }}
      />
    );
  }
}

Props

  • value (string): Current value of the editor i.e. the code to display.
  • onValueChange (string => mixed): Callback which is called when the value of the editor changes. You'll need to update the value prop when this is called.
  • highlight (string => string): Callback which will receive text to highlight. You'll need to return HTML with syntax highlighting using a library such as prismjs.
  • tabSize (number): The number of characters to insert when pressing tab key. For example, for 4 space indentation, tabSize will be 4 and insertSpaces will be true. Default: 2.
  • insertSpaces (boolean): Whether to use spaces for indentation. Default: true.
  • ignoreTabKey (boolean): Whether the editor should ignore tab key presses so that keyboard users can tab past the editor. Users can toggle this behaviour using Ctrl+Shift+M (Mac) / Ctrl+M manually when this is false. Default: false.
  • padding (number): Optional padding for code. Default: 0.

Demo

satya164.github.io/react-simple-code-editor

How it works

It works by overlaying a syntax highlighted <pre> block over a <textarea>. When you type, select, copy text etc., you interact with the underlying <textarea>, so the experience feels native. This is a very simple approach compared to other editors which re-implement the behaviour.

The syntax highlighting can be done by any third party library as long as it returns HTML and is fully controllable by the user.

The vanilla <textarea> doesn't support inserting tab characters for indentation, so we re-implement it by listening to keydown events and programmatically updating the text. One caveat with programmatically updating the text is that we lose the undo stack, so we need to maintain our own undo stack. As a result, we can also implement improved undo behaviour such as undoing whole words similar to editors like VSCode.

Limitations

Due to the way it works, it has certain limitations:

  • The syntax highlighted code cannot have different font family, font weight, font style, line height etc. for its content. Since the editor works by aligning the highlighted code over a <textarea>, changing anything that affects the layout can misalign it.
  • The custom undo stack is incompatible with undo/redo items browser's context menu. However, other full featured editors don't support browser's undo/redo menu items either.
  • The editor is not optimized for performance and large documents can affect the typing speed.

Contributing

While developing, you can run the example app to test your changes:

yarn example

Make sure your code passes Flow and ESLint. Run the following to verify:

yarn flow
yarn lint

To fix formatting errors, run the following:

yarn lint -- --fix

GitHub